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Pāli Proper Names — T

Tabbārattha.– A district in the Dakkhiṇadesa of Sri Lanka (Cv.lxix.8).

Tabbāvāpī.– A reservoir in the Dakkhiṇadesa of Sri Lanka (Cv.lxviii.3).

Tacasāra Jātaka (No.368)

Tacchakā.– A class of Nāgā present at the Mahāsamaya. D.ii.258.

Tacchasūkara Jātaka (No.492)

Tadadhimutta.– A Pacceka Buddha. M.iii.70; ApA.i.107.

Tadanga Sutta.– Kāludāyī asks Ānanda, at the Ghositārāma, what is meant by Tadanganibbāna, and Ānanda answers. A.iv.454.

Taddhigāma.– A chieftain of Rohaṇa, subdued by Parakkamabāhu I. He held the title of Laṅkāpura. Cv.lxxv.180.

Tagara.– A city in the time of Dhammadassī Buddha; it was the capital of King Sañjaya. BuA.p.183.


Takka.– A city in India twelve leagues from Kāvīrapattana. It was the residence of monks. Ras.ii.108.

Takkala Jātaka (No.446)

Takkambila.– A pāsāda attached to a vihāra in Rohaṇa. It was repaired by Dappula, who also installed monks there. Cv.xlv.56.

Takkapandita.– The name given to the Bodhisatta in the Takkapaṇḍita Jātaka.

Takkapaṇḍita Jātaka (No.63)

Takkarā.– A city in the time of Sumana Buddha. ThagA.i.303; Ap.ii.416.

Takkārika.– See Takkāriya below.

Takkāriya Jātaka (No.481)

Takkāriya.– The Bodhisatta as chaplain to the king of Bārāṇasī. See Takkāriya Jātaka.

Takkaru Jātaka.– See Kakkaru Jātaka.


Takkasilā Jātaka.– Apparently another name for the Telapatta Jātaka. See J.i.970; DhA.iv.83.

Takkivīmamsi.– The name of a class of brahmins who might be described as sophists and researchers. M.ii.211.

Takkola.– A town mentioned in the Milindapañha (p.359) as a great centre of trade.

Tālacatukka.– A place included within the boundary (sīmā) of the Mahāvihāra. Mbv.135.

Tālacchiggalūpama Sutta.– It is said that, after hearing this sutta, Abhayarājakumāra became a Stream-winner (ThagA.i.83). The sutta is probably that of the turtle and the floating trap. Cp. M.iii.169, and Chiggaḷayuga Sutta, S.v.455.

Taladilla, Talandilla.– A port in the Pandu kingdom, in South India. Laṅkāpura landed there and captured it. Cv.1xxvi.88, 92.

Tālaggallakavāpi.– A reservoir in Sri Lanka repaired by Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxix.66.

Talākatthalī, Talātthala.– A locality not far from Pulatthipura. It had a fortress which was once occupied by Lankādhinātha Rakkha. Cv.lxx.107, 112, 174.

Tālakkhettagāma.– A village in the Malaya district of Sri Lanka. Cv.lxx.10.


Talangarasamuddapabbata.– Mentioned in the Rasavāhinī (ii. 50) as the residence of Mahādhammadinna. It is probably the same as Talanga (q.v.)

Talanīgāma-tittha.– A ford across the Mahāvālukagangā. Cv.lxxii.4.

Tālaphaliya Thera.– An Arahant. Ninety-four world-cycles ago he saw the Pacceka Buddha Sataramsī and gave him a palm-fruit (Ap.ii.447). He is probably identical with Sambulakaccāyana. ThagA.i.314.

Tālapitthika-vihāra.– A monastery in Sri Lanka, where Gopakasīvali built a cetiya. VibhA. p.156.

Tālapuṭa Sutta


Tālavana.– See Nālapana ??

Tālavantadāyaka Thera.– An Arahant. Ninety-two world-cycles ago he gave a palm-leaf fan to Tissa Buddha. Sixty-three world-cycles ago he became king several times under the name of Mahārāma. Ap.i.211.

Tālavatthu-vihāra.– A monastery in Sri Lanka. It was restored by Aggabodhi V, who also gave to it the village of Pannabhatta. He appears to have renamed the village Mahāsena, probably after its original founder. Cv.xlviii.8; Cv.Trs.i.111, n.1.


Tālayūrunādu.– A district in South India. Cv.lxxvi.261.

Tālipabbata.– The brahmin who accompanied Mahā-Ariṭṭha on his diplomatic mission from Sri Lanka to the court of Asoka. MT.302.

Tālissara.– A descendant of King Dīpankara, who ruled in Takkasilā. Dpv.iii.32.

TamālapupphiyaThera.– An Arahant. In a previous birth he owned a vimāna with eighty thousand golden pillars. He offered a tamāla flower to Sikhī Buddha. Twenty world-cycles ago he was a king called Candatittha. Ap.i.197.

Tāmalinda.– One of the four companions of Chapaṭa (Saddhamajotipāla) and a founder of the Sīhala Saṅgha in Burma (Sās., p.65). He later founded a sect of his own. Bode: op.cit. 24.

Tāmalitti (Tāmalitthi)



Tambagāma.– A village in Rohaṇa. Cv.lxxv.90.

Tambala.– A village, probably in Rohaṇa, where a battle was fought between Dāthopatissa and Mana. Cv.xlv.78.

Tambalagāma.– A village in Rohaṇa, once the headquarters of Vijayabāhu I. Cv.lviii.10, 38; see also Cv.Trs.i.202, n.5.


Tambapannī.– An irrigation channel built by Parakkamabāhu I. It flowed northwards from the Ambala reservoir. Cv.lxxix.50.

Tambapittha.– A village seven leagues to the east of Anurādhapura, on the banks of the Mahāvālukagangā. When Dutthagāmani made plans to build the Mahā Thūpa, nuggets of gold appeared in Tambapittha. Mhv.xxviii.16.

Tambapupphiya Thera


Tambavitthika.– A village in Sri Lanka, where the soldiers of Vijayabāhu I killed the Cola king. Cv.lviii.21; see also Cv.Trs.i.203, n.3.

Tam-jīvam-tam-sarīram Sutta.– One of the views that are held in the world, owing to the existence of the aggregates and the clinging to them. S.iii.215.

Tamo Sutta.– The four types of people found in the world — those who, being in darkness, are bound for darkness, those who are in darkness, but are bound for light, etc. A.ii.85; cf. Pugg. p.51; and S.i.93, where the sutta is addressed to Pasenadi.

Tamonuda.– A king of ninety-one world-cycles ago, a previous birth of Punnāgapupphiya. Ap.i.180; ThagA.i.213.

Tamo-tama Sutta.– A name given in the Suttasaṅgaha (No.49) to the Puggala Sutta (3). See also Tamo Sutta above.

Tāna Sutta.– The Buddha teaches the Refuge and the way thereto. S.iv.372.

Tanagaluka.– A village in Rohaṇa. Cv.lxxiv.165.


Tanaveli-vihāra v.l. Cānavela°.– A vihāra erected in Bījagāma by King Mahallaka-Nāga. Mhv.xxxv.125.

Taṇḍulanāḷi Jātaka (No.5)

Taṇḍulapāladvāra.– One of the gates of Rājagaha. Near the gate was the residence of the brahmin Dhānañjāni. M.ii.185; MA.ii.795.

Taṇḍulapatta.– A village in Rohaṇa. Cv.lxxiv.165.

Tāngipperumāla.– A Damila chieftain, ally of Kulasekhara (Cv.lxxvi.145). He was later won over by Laṅkāpura. Ibid., 190.

Tanguttavanka-parivena.– A monastery, probably in Sri Lanka; the residence of Ratthapāla, author of the original of the Rasavāhinī. P.L.C.224. The Parivena was attached to the Mahāvihāra. Ras.i.1.

Tanhā Sutta

Tanhā Vagga.– The twenty-fourth chapter of the Dhammapada.

Tanhā.– One of the three daughters of Māra, who tried to tempt the Buddha under the Ajapāla-nigrodha, soon after the Enlightenment. SN. p.163; S.i.124 f; J.i.78, 469; DhA.i.252; iii.196, 199.

Tanhakkhaya Sutta

Taṇhaṅkara.– One of the four Buddhas born in the same world-cycle as Dīpaṅkara. J.i.44; Bu.xxvii.1.

Taṇhānirodha Sutta.– Similar to Tanhakkhaya Sutta (2). S.v.87.

Tanhāsankhaya Sutta.– See Cūla° and Mahātaṇhāsaṅkhaya Sutta.


Tankuttara.– A Damila chieftain, ally of Kulasekhara. Cv.lxxvi.144.

Tannarugāma.– A village near Pulatthipura, the scene of several conflicts between the forces of Parakkamabāhu I. and those of his enemies. Cv.ixx.313, 316, 319; lxxii.175.

Tannitittha.– A village in Sri Lanka, near Ambagāma and Antaravitthi. Cv.lxx.322.

Tantavāyikacātikā.– A village assigned by Potthakuttha to the meditation hall (padhānaghara) at Mātambiya. Cv.xlvi.20.

Tapakannika.– See Tavakannika.


Tapana v.l. Tāpana.– A hell (niraya). Beings born there are pierced by heated stakes and they remain transfixed, motionless. J.v.266, 271, 275.

Tapassī.– An envoy sent by the king of Rāmañña to Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxvi.23.

Tapassu (Sutta)


Tapodakandarā.– See Tapodārāma.


Tapodāvātthu.– The story of Mahā-Moggallāna explaining the reason for the warmth of the water of the Tapodā (s.v.) and of the refusal of the monks to believe him (Vin.iii.108; Sp.ii.512).

Tapo-kamma Sutta.– As the Buddha sits under the Ajapālanigrodha tree, soon after the Enlightenment, rejoicing in freedom from toil, Māra approaches and tells him that his purity is but a delusion. The Buddha rebukes him and proves him to be wrong. S.i.103.

Tapovana.– A group of monasteries near Anurādhapura inhabited by the Paṃsukūlikā. They lay in the forest district to the west of the city. Cv.lii.22; liii.14 ff; also Cv.Trs.i.163, n.8.

Tapussa.– See Tapassu.


Taracchavāpi.– A reservoir built by Mahānāga. Mhv.xxii.4.

Taraniya Thera

Tarara.– A king of fifty-eight world-cycles ago, a former birth of Khadiravaniya Revata. Ap.i.51; ThagA.i.109.


Tarunarukkha Sutta.– In him who contemplates the enjoyment of what makes for bondage, craving grows and a consequent mass of suffering, like a sapling that is well tended; but in him who contemplates misery in all enslaving things, craving, etc., is destroyed. S.ii.88 f.

Tasinā Sutta.– On the three thirsts — for sensual delights, for becoming and for ceasing to become — and the way to get rid of them (S.v.58).

Tassa-Sutaṃ Sutta.– See Uposatha Sutta

Tatavāpi.– A locality near the Kālavāpi. There was a fortress there where Gokanna suffered defeat. Cv.lxx.165.

Tatha Sutta 1.– There are four things that are true and unalterable — the facts of suffering, its arising, its cessation, and the path thereto. S.v.430.

Tatha Sutta 2.– The Four Noble Truths. Same as above. S.v.435.

Tatha.– A Pacceka Buddha. M.iii.69; ApA.i.106.


Tathāgata Sutta

Tathāgatādi Sutta.– S.v.135. See Tathāgata Sutta (1)

Tathāgatuppatti. A Pāḷi work by Ñānagambhīra. Gv. 62, 72.

Tatiyajhānapañhā Sutta.– Mahā-Moggallāna tells the monks how he attained the third jhāna. S.iv.264.

Tatiyapubbārāmasutta.– See the Pubbārāma Sutta

Tatiyasāriputtakoṭṭhika Sutta.– See the Sāriputtakoṭṭhika Sutta

Tatojasi.– A messenger of Vessavaṇa. D.iii.201.

Tatolā, Tatotalā, Tattalā.– Messengers of Vessavaṇa. D.iii.201.

Tavakannīka, Tavannika, Tavakinnoka



Tāyana Sutta.– Records the visit of Tāyana to the Buddha.

Tayodhamma Jātaka (No.58)

Tebhātika-Jatilā.– Three brothers, Uruvela-Kassapa, Gayā-Kassapa and Nadī-Kassapa. For their story see Uruvela-Kassapa.

Tejasi.– One of the messengers employed by Kuvera. D.iii.201.

Tejodipa.– A disciple of Tilokaguru and author of a Subcommentary (ṭīkā) on the Paritta. Sās., p.115.

Tekicchakārī Thera v.l. Tekicchakāni

Tekula.– See Yameḷakekuṭā

Tela v.l. Malla.– One of the ambassadors sent by Devānampiyatissa to Asoka. MT.302.

Telagāma.– A canal, the revenue from which was given by Aggabodhi IX. to the monks for their rice gruel. Cv.xlix.89.

Telakandarikā.– A pious and generous woman, who gave ghee in large quantities to monks. She is mentioned in a story illustrating how monks will sometimes boast of their patrons. VbhA.483; Vism.27.

Telakāni Thera


Telamakkhiya Thera.– An Arahant. Ninety-four world-cycles ago he rubbed oil on the plinth or railing (vedikā) of Siddhattha Buddha’s Bodhi-tree. Twenty-four world-cycles ago he was a king named Succhavi. Ap.i.230 f.

Telapakkanijjhara.– A weir forming part of the irrigation work carried out by Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxix.66.

Telapatta Jātaka (No.96)


Telavāhā.– A river in the country of Seriva, near Andhapura (J.i.111).

Telovāda Jātaka.– See Bālovāda Jātaka (No.246)

Telumapāli.– A place through which the boundary (sīma) of the Mahāvihāra passed. Mbv.135.

Temiya Jātaka.– See Mūgapakkha Jātaka (No.538)

Temiya.– The name of the Bodhisatta in the Mūgapakkha Jātaka. He was so called because on the day of his birth there were great rains throughout the kingdom and he was born wet. J.vi.3.

Tenkongu.– A locality in South India. Cv.lxxvi.288; lxxvii.67.

Tennavallappalla.– A Damila chief, ally of Kulasekhara. Cv.lxxvi.222, 231.

Tesakuna Jātaka (No.521)

Tevijja Sutta

Tevijjavaccha Sutta

Ṭhakuraka.– The chief of the Āriyakkhattayodhā. Cv.xc.16, 24, 27.

Thalayūru.– See Athalayūru.

Thambāropaka Thera

Thāna Sutta

Thānakonkana.– A garden in Sri Lanka, laid out by Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxix.11.

Ṭhapana Sutta.– See the Upāli Sutta. Ten reasons for establishing the Pāṭimokkha. A.v.70 f.

Thapati Sutta

Thera Sutta

Thera Vagga

Thera.– Name of a monk in Rājagaha. He lived in solitude, the virtues of which state he extolled. Hearing this, the Buddha sent for him and taught him how the solitary life could be perfected in detail (S.ii.282 f).


Therambalaka-vihāra.– A monastery built by Sakka. Dāthāsena lived there. Ras.ii.109.


Theranāma Sutta.– Records the story of the elder named Thera. S.ii.282 f.

Therānambandhamālaka.– A locality in Anurādhapura where Uttiya erected the funeral pyre of Mahinda. Later he erected a thūpa there over half the remains (Mhv.xx.42 f).

Therapañha Sutta.– See Sāriputta Sutta.

Therāpassaya-parivena.– A building erected on the spot where Mahinda used to meditate, leaning against a support. Mhv.xv.210.


Theraputtābhaya.– The Rasavāhinī (Ras.ii.92 f ) contains a story of his youth when he was a novice in Kappakandara-vihāra. Gothayimbara visited the place and ate the coconuts, throwing the husks about. The novice beat him soundly.




Theriya-parampāra.– The name given to the succession of Theravāda monks. Mhv.v.1.


Thiti Sutta

Thomadāyaka Thera.– An Arahant. Ninety-one world-cycles ago he was a deva, and having heard Vipassī Buddha teach, paid him homage. Ap.i.226.





Thulla-Tissa.– See Tissa (14).

Thulū.– See Bumū.


Thūneyyakā.– The people of Thūna.

Thūpāraha Sutta.– There are four persons worthy of a thūpa — a Buddha, a Pacceka Buddha, a Buddha’s disciple and a Cakkavatti. A.ii.245.


Thūpasikha v.l. Thūpasikhara.– Ninety-four world-cycles ago there were sixteen kings of this name, all previous births of Thambhāropaka (Paripuṇṇaka Thera). Ap.i.171; ThagA.i.190.

Thūpavaṃsa.– A Pāḷi poem written by Vācissara. It has sixteen chapters, the last eight of which contain a description of the erection of the Mahā Thūpa by Duṭṭhagāmaṇī at Anurādhapura. The work probably belongs to the twelfth century. P.L.C.216 f.

Thūpavitthi-vihāra.– A monastery in Sri Lanka built by Dhātusena. Cv.xxxviii.48.

Thusa Jātaka (No.338)

Thusavāpi.– A reservoir near Pulatthipura. Cv.l.73.

Thusāvatthi.– A village in Sri Lanka where king Buddhadāsa effected a miraculous cure (Cv.xxxvii.124 f). It was near Anurādhapura, and the boundary (sīmā) of the Mahāvihāra passed through it (Mbv.136).

Tibhuvanamalla v.l. Tilokamalla.– Son of Parakkamabāhu II (Cv.lxxxvii.16). He was in command of the troops stationed between Jambuddoni and the Southern sea and he lived in Mahāvatthalagāma. Cv.lxxxviii.20.

Ti-campakapupphiya Thera.– An Arahant. In a previous birth, ninety-one world-cycles ago, he saw a holy recluse under the mountain Vikata, near Himavā, and offered him three campaka-flowers. Ap.i.227.

Tidasa.– A name given to Tāvatiṃsa, the inhabitants being called Tidasā (J.iii.357, 413; vi.168; v.20, 390). The Tidasa devā are spoken of as being full of glory. S.i.234.

Tidiva.– A name given to Tāvatiṃsa. See also Tirītavaccha (3). J.iv.322, 450; v.14, 15.

Tidivādhibhū.– A name given to Sakka (q.v.)

Tīhidhammehi Sutta.– Monks, endowed with three things a woman is usually reborn in an unfortunate destination after death, or in hell. What three? In the morning she dwells at home with meanness, in the midday she dwells at home with envy, in the evening she dwells at home with lust. S.iv.239.

Tikandaki Sutta.– Taught at Tikandakivana, on the five ways in which a monk gains poise and equanimity, being rid of both that is distasteful and that is not. A.iii.169 f.

Tikandaki Vagga v.l. Tikantaki Vagga.– The fifteenth chapter of the Pañcaka Nipāta of the Aṅguttaranikāya. A.iii.164‑74.

Tikandakivana.– A grove in Sāketa, evidently identical with Kaṇḍakīvana.

Tikandipupphiya Thera.– An Arahant. In a previous birth he saw Sumaṅgala Buddha ¹ in a grove and offered him a tikandi flower. Forty-six world-cycles ago he was a king named Apilāpiya. Ap.i.201 f.

¹ There are several references to Sumaṅgala Buddha, (e.g. see Kanakapabbata) but his name is not included in the Buddhavaṃsa. The above reference to Ap.i.201 f does refer to Sumaṅgala Sambuddha, but the elder is Kiṃkaṇikapupphiya Thera, not Tikandipupphiya. The Anāgatavaṃsa refers to Sumaṅgala as the tenth future Buddha, and the Isigili Sutta (M.iii.70) refers to a Pacceka Buddha named Sumaṅgala. The leading female lay supporter, Cālā, also seems to be for Sumana Buddha, not Sumaṅgala as stated.

Tikanikārapupphiya Thera

Tikanna.– A brahmin. He once visited the Buddha and spoke in praise of Tevijja brahmins. The Buddha explained to him that the threefold lore of the Noble Disciple was a different and a far nobler thing. The brahmin accepted the Buddha as his teacher. A.i.164 f; cp. D.i.73 ff.

Tikanna Sutta.– Records the visit of Tikanna (above) to the Buddha.

Tikannipupphiya Thera

Tikantakivana.– See Tikandakivana

Tika Vagga.– The eleventh chapter of the Chakka Nipāta of the Aṅguttaranikāya. A.iii.445‑9.


Tikicchaka Thera.– An Arahant. In a previous birth he was a physician of Bandhumatī, and cured Asoka, the attendant of Vipassī Buddha. Eight world-cycles ago he was king under the name of Sabbosadha (Ap.i.190). He is evidently identical with Tekicchakārī Thera. ThagA.i.442.

Tikicchā Sutta.– On emetics administered by physicians and the corresponding emetics in the discipline of the Noble Ones. A.v.218 f.

Ti-kinkinipupphiya Thera.– An Arahant. Ninety-one world-cycles ago he gave three kinkini-flowers to Vipassī Buddha (Ap.ii.433). He is probably identical with Cittaka Thera. ThagA.i.78.

Tikkhapaññāsutta.– Developing and cultivating four things leads to acute wisdom. What four? Association with good men, listening to the true Dhamma, systematic attention, and practising in accordance with the Dhamma. S.v.413.

Tikonamālatittha.– The Pāḷi name for Trincomali in Sri Lanka. Cv.c.76.

Tikūta.– A river in Himavā, the resort of the Kinnarā. J.iv.438, 439.

Tilagulla.– A village in the Dakkhiṇadesa of Sri Lanka. It is mentioned in the account of the campaigns of Vijayabāhu I (Cv.lviii.43). Attached to it was a reservoir. Cv.lxviii.44; Cv.Trs.i.206, n.1.

Tilamutthidāyaka Thera.– An Arahant. Ninety-one world-cycles ago he gave a handful of tiles seeds to the Buddha, who, reading his thoughts, appeared before him in a mind-created body. Sixteen world-cycles ago he was a king named Nandiya. Ap.i.235.

Tilamutthi Jātaka (No.252)

Tilavatthu.– A canal that fed the Manihīra reservoir. Cv.lx.53.

Tilokamalla.– See Tibhuvanamalla above.

Tilokanagara.– The residence of Cūlasīva. So DA. (Hewavitarne edn.) ii.641, but P.T.S. edn. (ii.883) has Lokuttara.

TilokĀnandana.– A garden laid out in Pulatthipura by Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxix.8.

Tilokasundarī.– A Kālinga princess, the second queen of Vijayabāhu I. She later became his chief queen and had five daughters — Subhaddā, Sumittā, Lokanāthā, Ratnāvalī, and Rūpavatī — and a son, Vikkamabāhu. Cv.lix.29.

Timanda.– A monster fish of the deep sea, five hundred leagues in length. He eats only seaweed. J.v.462.



Timbaruka Sutta.– See Timbaruka

Timbarutittha.– A pond at which sacrifices were offered. J.v.388, 389.

Timirapingala.– A fish of the deep sea. He is one thousand leagues long and eats only seaweed (J.v.462).

Timirapupphiya Thera

Timitimingala.– A fish, one thousand leagues long, living in the deep ocean and feeding on seaweed (J.v.462; NidA.211).

Timsamatta Sutta

Tinakattha Sutta.– Incalculable is the beginning of saṃsāra. If a man were to collect all the grasses and twigs of Jambudīpa, the number of his mothers would surpass them. S.ii.178.

Tinakutidāyaka Thera.– An Arahant. Ninety-one world-cycles ago he was a servant, and, having been granted a day’s leave by his master, he built for the Sangha a grass hut. As a result, he was born in Tāvatiṃsa after death. Ap.i.270 f.

Tinamutthidāyaka Thera

Tina-Sākiyā.– The name given to those Sākyā who held reeds in their mouths in order to escape slaughter when Viḍūḍabha massacred the Sākyā. For details see Naḷasākiyā and DhA.i.359.

Tinasanthāradāyaka Thera

Tinasanthāraka.– Five world-cycles ago there were seven kings of this name, all previous births of Senāsanadāyaka Thera (Channa). Ap.i.137; ThagA.i.155.

Tinasūlaka Thera

Tinasūlakachādaniya Thera

Tinduka.– A grain watcher (yavapālaka), who gave grass for his seat to Koṇāgamana Buddha. BuA.214.

Tindukācīra. See Mallikārāma.

Tindukadāyaka Thera.– An Arahant. Ninety-four world-cycles ago he was a monkey who saw Siddhattha Buddha and gave him and his monks tinduka fruits to eat. Fifty-seven world-cycles ago he became king, under the name of Upananda. Ap.i.200 f.

Tindukagāma. A village near the Mahāvāḷukagaṅgā. Ras.ii.157.

Tinduka Jātaka (No.177)

Tindukakandarā.– A cave outside Rājagaha where lodgings were provided for visiting monks. Vin.ii.76; iii.159.

Tindukaphaladāyaka Thera.– An Arahant. Ninety-one world-cycles ago he saw the Buddha Vessabhū and gave him tinduka fruit to eat (Ap.i.281).

Tindukkhānu-paribbājakārāma.– A dwelling of Paribbājakas, near Vesāli. It was the residence of Pāthikaputta. D.iii.17.

Tinimakkulagāma.– A village in the Malaya country in Sri Lanka, not far from Pulatthipura. Cv.lxx.284, 301.

Tintasīsakola.– A region, thirty leagues in extent, near the spot where the stream from the Anotatta falls from a height of sixty leagues. The soil, being constantly sprinkled by the drops of water, is extremely soft and plastic and clay was obtained from there for the building of the Mahā Thūpa. MT.515.

Tintinika.– A village granted by Mahānāga to the Mahāvihāra (Cv.xli.96). It was once the headquarters of Dāthāsiva (Cv.xliv.125). It evidently contained a reservoir which was restored by Parakkamabāhu I (Cv.lxviii.47).

Tipa.– A Vanni chieftain of Sri Lanka, subdued by Bhuvanekabāhu I. Cv.xc.33.

Tipadumiya Thera

Tipallatthamiga Jātaka (No.16)

Tipiṭakālaṅkāra.– A monk of Prome in Burma. He enjoyed the patronage of Surakitti, king of Burma, but for a time lived in retreat in Tiriyapabbata. Among his works are the Yasavaddhanavatthu and the Vinayālañkāratīkā. Sās., p.106; Bode: op.cit.53 f.

Tipucullasa.– See Tīsucullasa below.

Tipupphiya Thera.– An Arahant. In a previous birth he offered three flowers to the Pātalī, the Bodhi-tree or Vipassī Buddha. Thirty-three world-cycles ago he became king thirteen times under the name of Samantapāsādika. Ap.i.136.


Tiracchānadevanirayādi Sutta.– Few animals who decease are reborn in heaven, most are reborn again as animals. S.v.476.

Tiracchānakathā Sutta.– (s.v. Kathā Sutta). A monk should not indulge in animal talk — e.g., about kings, robbers, ministers, etc. — but should speak only of suffering and things connected therewith. S.v.419 f.

Tiracchānamanussanirayādi Sutta.– Few animals who decease are reborn as human beings, most are reborn again as animals. S.v.476.

Tiracchikā.– A Nāga maiden, sister of Mahodara. Her son was Cūlodara. MT.104.

Tiramsiya Thera.– An Arahant. In a previous birth he was a hermit. He saw the Buddha Siddhattha and spoke verses in praise of him, extolling his lustre as surpassing that of the sun and of the moon. Sixty-one world-cycles ago he was a king named Ñānadhara. Ap.i.256 f.

Tirikkānappera.– A locality in South India. Cv.lxxvi.302; lxxvii.72, 82.

Tirimalakka.– A village in South India. Cv.lxxvii.51, 52.

Tirinaveli.– A district in South India. Cv.lxxvi.143, 288; lxxvii.42, 91.

Tirippāluru.– A locality in South India. Cv.lxxvi.309, 312.

Tiriputtūru.– A place in South India. Cv.lxxvii.16, 20.

Tiritara.– A Tamil usurper who succeeded Khuddapārinda on the throne. Two months after his accession he was killed by Dhātusena. Cv.xxxviii.32.


Tirītavacchagāma.– See Milinda.

Tirītavaccha Jātaka (No.259)

Tirītivaccha.– See Tirītavaccha (2).

Tirivekambama.– A place in South India. Cv.lxxvi.238, 266, 276.

Tirokudda Sutta

Tisaranāgamaniya Thera

Tisīhala.– See Sīhala.



Tissa Buddha

Tissa Sutta



Tissaka Sutta.– Subrahmā approaches the Buddha and speaks of Katamoraka-Tissa. S.i.148.

Tissāmacca.– Son of Venisāla. Having heard the Dakkhinā-vibhanga Sutta in the Tissamahārāma, he never ate without giving a share of his food to monks. He was later born as a tree deity near Kālatindukavihāra. Ras.ii.163 f.

Tissamahānāga Thera

Tissamahārājā.– See Saddhā Tissa.


Tissambatittha. A village in Rohaṇa. See Tissā (10). Ras.ii.31.

Tissametteyya.– See Tissa (7).

Tissametteyya-māṇava Pucchā.– The question asked by Tissa-Metteyya, and the answer given by the Buddha (SN. p.199, vvs.1046‑1048).

Tissametteyya Sutta.– The seventh sutta of the Aṭṭhakavagga of the Suttanipāta. Taught to Tissa (7) and his friend Metteyya, at the latter’s request. It deals with the evils that follow in the train of sexual intercourse. SN.p.160 f,vvs.820‑829; SNA.ii.535 f.

Tissarājamandapa.– The name given to the pavilions erected by Vohārīka-Tissa in the Mahāvihāra and in Abhayagiri (Mhv.xxxvi.31; Mhv.Trs.258, n.3).

Tissarakkhā.– The second queen of Asoka; he married her four years before his death. She was very jealous of the attention paid by Asoka to the Bodhi-tree, and caused it to be killed by means of poisonous thorns (Mhv.xx.3 ff).


Tissavaddhamānaka.– A locality in Sri Lanka, to the east of Anurādhapura (Mhv.xxxv.84). It contained the Mucela-vihāra and a reservoir of the same name (Mhv.xxxvii.48).


Tissavasabha.– Probably the name of a Bodhi-tree in Anurādhapura. It was surrounded by a stone terrace and a wall, both built by Sirimeghavanna. Cv.xxxvii.91; Cv.Trs.i.7, n.3.

Tissa-vihāra.– A monastery in Nāgadīpa round which Vohāraka-Tissa built a wall (Mhv.xxxvi.36).

Tisucullasa.– A village, probably in East Sri Lanka. v.l. Tipucullasa. Cv.xlv.78.

Titthagāma.– A village, in the south-west of Sri Lanka (Cv.lxxii.42), where Parakkamabāhu I established a coconut plantation. Cv.xc.93.

Titthagāma-vihāra.– A vihāra in Titthagāma, the modern Totagamuva. It was erected by Vijayabāhu IV. and restored by Parakkamabāhu IV. Cv.xc.88; Cv.Trs.ii.208, n.2.

Tittha Jātaka (No.25)

Titthaka.– An Ājīvaka who gave kusa grass to Phussa Buddha before his Enlightenment. BuA.147.

Titthamba.– A Damila general of Ambatitthaka, who was conquered by Duṭṭhagāmaṇī after a four months’ siege (Mhv.xxv.8; MT.473). Duṭṭhagāmaṇī deceived Titthamba by promising to give him his mother in marriage.

Titthārāma.– A monastery built by Paṇḍukābhaya for the use of non-Buddhist monks. It was near the Nīcasusāna in Anurādhapura. Vaṭṭagāmaṇī demolished it and built on its site the Abhayagiri-vihāra. Mhv.xxxiii.42, 83.

Tittha Sutta.– The Buddha examines the three beliefs held by those of other sects — that whatever is experienced is due to past action, or is the creation of a supreme deity, or is uncaused and unconditioned. A.i.173 ff.

Titthiyārāma.– A monastery of the heretics, near Jetavana. J.ii.415, 416; iv.187, 188; ThigA. p.68.

Tittira Jātaka (No.37, 117, 319)

Tittiriya-brahmacariya.– See Tittira Jātaka (1). It consisted of observing the five precepts. MA.i.275.

Tittiriyābrāhmanā.– The Pāḷi equivalent of the Sanskrit Taittirīyā. D.i.237.

Tittiriya-pandita.– The name given to the partridge of the Tittira Jātaka (No.11). J.iii.537.

Ti-ukkādhāriya Thera.– An Arahant. Once in the past he lit three torches, which he stood holding, at the foot of the Bodhi-tree of Padumuttara Buddha. Ap.ii.404.

Ti-uppalamāliya Thera

Tivakka (Tavakka)


Tivarā.– The name given to the inhabitants of Mount Vepulla, then known as Pācinavamsa, near Rājagaha, in the time of Kakusandha Buddha. Their term of life was forty thousand years. S.ii.190.


Tobbalanāgapabbata.– A locality in Rohaṇa. There Mahallakanāga erected a vihāra. Mhv.xxxv.125.


Todeyyagāma.– A village between Sāvatthi and Bārāṇasī. It contained the shrine of Kassapa Buddha, which was honoured even in the present age. The Buddha once visited it in the company of Ānanda. DhA.iii.250 f.

Todeyya-māṇava Pucchā.– The question asked by Todeyya, and the answer given by the Buddha. (SN.p.210, vvs1094‑1097)

Tolaka-vihāra.– A monastery in Rohaṇa near which Vihāramahādevī landed after she was cast into the sea at Kalyāni. MT.431 (see n.7).

Tomanaratittha.– A ford in Sri Lanka. Ras.ii.184.

Tompiya.– A Damila chief, ally of Kulasekhara. Cv.lxxvi.144.

Tondamāna.– A Damila chieftain, ally of Kulasekhara. He had a mountain fortress where Kulasekhara once lay in hiding, and his wife had three brothers, all of whom helped him. He owned the villages of Tirimalakka and Kattala. Cv.lxxvi.137, 315; lxxvii.1, 32, 39, 51, 74.

Tondipāra.– A locality in South India (Cv.lxxvi.236; lxxvii.81). Geiger takes the name to be that of two villages, Tondi and Pāra. Cv.Trs.ii.84, n.3.

Tondiriya.– A Damila chieftain, ally of Kulasekhara. He was slain by Laṅkāpura. Cv.lxxvi.181 f.

Toranavatthu.– A locality in Kosala, between Sāvatthi and Sāketa. Pasenadi once stopped there and visited Khemā, who lived there. S.iv.374.

Toyavāpi.– A reservoir, one of the irrigation works of Parakkamabāhu I. Cv.lxxvx.46.

Tucchapothila.– See Potthila Thera.

Tudigāma.– The residence of Subha Todeyyaputta. AA.ii.554; MA.ii.802. See Todeyya.



Tulākūta Sutta.– Few are they that abstain from cheating with scales and measures; many are they that do not (S.v.473).

Tumbarakandara.– A forest between Upatissagāma and Dvāramandalaka. Mhv.x.2; MT.280.

Tumbarumālaka.– One of the mālakas of the Cetiyapabbata. The first higher ordination (upsampadā) was held there by Mahinda, when Mahāarittha and the others received the upasampadā. Mhv.xvi.16.

Tundagāma.– A village in the dominions of the Kosala king. Ras.i.46.


Tuṇḍila Jātaka (No.388)

Tungabhaddā.– A canal branching off from the Dakkhinā sluice in the Parakkamasamudda. Cv.lxxix.45.



Tusitā.– The inhabitants of the Tusita world. See Tusita.

Tuttha.– A lay disciple of Ñātika who died and was reborn in the Suddhāvāsa, there to attain nibbāna. S.v.358, D.ii.92.

Tutthi Sutta.– In order to get rid of dissatisfaction, want of self-possession, and desire for much, one should cultivate the opposite qualities. A.iii.448.

Tuvaradāyaka Thera.– An Arahant. Ninety-one world-cycles ago he was a hunter who, having seen some monks in the forest, gave them a tuvara (?) (Ap.i.222).

Tuvarādhipativelāra.– A Damila chieftain, ally of Kulasekhara. Cv.lxxvi.138, 315; lxxvii.67.

Tuvataka Sutta